Do you know, for some woman, abortion is not just a simple medical procedure rather it is a life-changing event with significant physical, emotional, and spiritual consequences.
So, before planning for abortion, it is better to have abortion information. Abortion means ending a pregnancy before birth takes place.
An abortion can occur when an embryo or fetus unexpectedly stops developing or a woman decides voluntarily to end her pregnancy by means of an induced abortion.
A doctor and other health care professional usually perform abortions at a clinic, health center, or in a doctor’s office and you will be able to return home an hour or so later.
Gathering abortion information regarding its procedures and risks may change your decision of abortion. When it comes to abortion procedures, there are two types: medical and surgical.
Abortion information on medical procedure: Medical abortion is done using medicines. Usually, it will be done within the first 9 weeks of pregnancy.
The medicines that are used for this kind of abortions are mifepristone (brand name: Mifeprex) and misoprostol (brand name: Cytotec), which are approved by FDA (Food And Drug Administration).
You will swallow a prescribed dose of mifepristone to obstruct progesterone, a hormone necessary for pregnancy, and to cause the lining of the womb (uterus) thin. A few days later, you will swallow misoprostol to make your uterus contract and empty.
The majority of women expel the pregnancy about four hours after taking the misoprostol. The embryo or pre-embryo that develops during pregnancy is passed out through the vagina.
FDA also approved methotrexate as a medicine to use for medical abortion. Even this medicine will be taken five days before taking misoprostol. Abortion occurs within 1-2 days.
However, surgical abortion is a procedure done by a doctor to remove the lining of the womb. There are 2 common types: Manual Vacuum Aspiration (MVA) and dilatation and suction curettage (SC or also known as D&C).
Abortion information for MVA surgical procedure: MVA removes the contents of the uterine by applying suction through a cannula that can be inserted into the uterus through the cervix. It can be done within first 10 weeks of pregnancy.
Abortion information for D& C procedure: D&C is done with a suction machine and tools. D&C can be done within the first trimester.
It is performed using mechanical dilators, which opens the cervix and then curettes (metal instruments) will be used to scrap and empty the uterus. This procedure is usually done under a heavy sedation or general anesthesia.
Abortion information about the risks: However, side effects may occur with induced abortion whether it may be surgical or medical abortion. The risks include abdominal pain and cramping, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
In some severe cases, risks include heavy bleeding, infection, incomplete abortion, sepsis, scarring of the uterine lining, and damage to organs (cervix, bowel, bladder). Very rarely, the abortion leads to death.
Other risks of abortion include premature delivery (if giving birth to a child). Greater chances of developing breast cancer. Sometimes, you may undergo depression, Sexual dysfunction, stress disorder and any more.
Therefore, it is highly recommended to gather abortion information before planning for abortion.